Finnish North American Literature Association
Raija Taramaa earned her PhD from the University of Oulu in Finland where her
research centers on Finnish North American Literature.
Taramaa, Raija. The Stubborn and Silent Finns with "Sisu" in Finnish-American
Texts: An Imagological Study of Finnishness in the Literary Production of Finnish-
American Authors. Diss. U. of Oulu, 2007.
Raija Taramaa's dissertation examines work by Joseph Damrell, Lauri Anderson,
Mary Caracker, Paula Ivaska Robbins, and Lynn Laitala. It provides a
comprehensive background of research to historically ground Finnish ethnic
identity in America, and draws on the critical apparatus of imagology to analyze the
creative works under study.
(Articles and Presentations)
“Sisu is a Central Marker of Finnish-American Culture - It’s Stubbornness
Beyond Reason”, Spring issue of the American Studies in Scandinavia, Vol.
41:1, 2009, 18 p.
“Immigrant Finns and their Identity in the US during the Great Waves of
Immigration”, Ystävyyden monet kasvot, Symposium at the University of Oulu,
Finland, February 2008, 8 p.
“Northern Landscapes in Finnish North American Fiction: Expressions of
Security and Comfort at Home”, Journal of Finnish American Studies, Vol. 11,
No. 2, December 2007, pp. 61-72.
“How Did Stereotyped Finnish Drunks, Reds, Knife Wielders Become Clean
Finns who Paid Their Debts?”, Finnish Periodical ‘Siirtolaisuus – Migration’
3/2007, pp. 1-9.
“Environmental and Climatic Elements in the Cultural Models of
Finnish-American Texts”, Selected Papers from the 7th International Tartu
Conference on North-American Studies, 2007, Estonia, pp. 233-249.
“Sisukas ja hiljainen suomalainen”, Finnish Periodical ’Suomi-USA’, 1/2005,
“The Stubborn and Silent Finns with ‘Sisu’ in Finnish American Novels”,
Finn Forum VII, October 2004, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA, 15
“A Cognitive Approach to the Cultural Schemas Implying the Ethnic
Identities of Finnishness in the Production of Authors with Finnish American
Background”, in Complexity Seminar, January 22-24, 2004. Aalborg, Denmark,
“Implications of Metaphoric Language in Cultural Characteristics of Finnish
Identity Based on Prose and Poetry by Authors with Finnish American
Back-ground”, in Biennial Conference Nordic Association for American Studies
(NAAS), August 6-9, 2003. Trondheim, Norway, 11 p.